Yass Area Network of Landcare Groups YASS SPECIES LIST                                                                           February, 2001
Acacia brownii Juniper Wattle poorly drained sandy soils prickly shrub 0.5-2m    understorey  Sept-Nov
Acacia buxifolia Box-leaf Wattle rocky outcrops, acid skeletal soils S, shrub 1-2m  understorey Aug-Sept
Acacia cultriformis  understorey 
Acacia dealbata Silver Wattle various sites from poor dry, acid skeletal soils to moist, well drained.  Drought and frost hardy, grows along watercourses  S, tree 2-7m, vigorous spreading and anchoring root system, regenerates easily by seed and suckering  understorey, erosion (stream bank and toe stabilisation) , riparian, windbreak, recolonises disturbed sites July-Nov
Acacia decora Western Silver Wattle dry rocky outcrops, red loams rounded, spreading shrub 1-4m  understorey  Nov-Feb
Acacia falciformis Hickory Wattle shallow, rocky soils to moist well drained sites tree 4-12m riparian revegetation, gully banks, slopes, windbreak, birdseed Spring-Summer
Acacia genistifolia Spreading Wattle dry, shallow, acid, skeletal soils S, shrub 1-2m  understorey  Oct-Dec
Acacia gunii Ploughshare Wattle S, small shrub  understorey  Oct-Mar
Acacia implexa Lightwood sandy, shallow, dry, acid, skeletal soils S, small tree 5-15m  understorey , riparian, windbreak, erosion   Sept-Dec
Acacia lanigera Woolly Wattle dry, rocky slopes, shallow soil-quartz shrub 1-2m  understorey  Spring
Acacia mearnsii Black Wattle dry, shallow shale or slate soils, very frost and drought hardy tree 5-15m, vigorous spreading and anchoring root system, fast growing riparian revegetation, firewood Oct-Dec
Acacia melanoxylon Blackwood prefers msoist, fairly rich & deeper soils, tolerates temporary innundation S, small-large tree 6-30m  understorey, timber, long lived  Oct-Nov
Acacia paradoxa Hedge Wattle dry, shallow soils S, small, spreading shrub 2-4m  understorey  Aug-Nov
Acacia pravissima Ovens Wattle riverbanks, near streams, damp sites shrub, 3-8m bank stabilisation, windbreak Nov-Feb
Acacia rubida Red Stem Wattle dry, alluvial soils, including steep well drained banks S, shrub-small tree 2-10m  understorey , stream bank and toe stabilisation, windbreak Nov-Feb
Acacia siculiformis Dagger Wattle well drained sandy or rocky sites and near streams/riverbanks on moist, well drained soils - creek banks and swamps  shrub, 1-3m, very hardy bank stabilisation, understorey Aug-Oct
Acacia verniciflua Varnish Wattle sandy, shallow, rocky soils S, shrub 1-4m  understorey  July-Nov
Acacia vestita Hairy Wattle dry hillsides spreading shrub 1-4m  understorey  Late Winter
Aristrida ramosa Purple Wiregrass sandy S, medium-large tussock grass  understorey  Dec-Feb
Bertya rosmarinifolia Bertya bank stabilisation Mar-Sept
Brachychiton populneus Kurrajong rocky exposed ridges, well drained soils, slopes tree 5-12m, susceptible to frost damage shade, fodder Sept-Dec
Brachyloma daphnoides Daphne Heath poor, dry, rocky or sandy hillslopes, shallow soils small, heathy shrub, to 1m  understorey  Aug-Dec
Bracteantha viscosa Sticky Everlasting S, perennial forb 80cm  understorey  Oct-Dec
Bulbine bulbosa Bulbine Lily rocky sites S, perennial 40cm  understorey  Sept-Dec
Bursaria lasiophylla Blackthorn grows readily along river, creeks and gullies S, thorny shrub to small tree 1-8m, wide spreading root system binds soil effectively, bank stabilisation,  understorey 
Bursaria spinosa Bursaria dry sites, gullies/river flats, clay or loam soils S, shrub 1-3m  understorey, nectar for wasps (parasites of Christmas beetle larvae)  Nov-Mar
Callistemon citrinus Crimson Bottlebrush riverbanks, near swamps, damp sandy flats shrub 1-3m bank stabilisation, bird attraction, possible salt tolerant Oct-Dec, and often Autumn
Callistemon pallidus Lemon Bottlebrush exposed ridges, rocky sites shrub, 2-5m bank stabilisation, bird attraction, windbreak July-Oct
Callistemon sieberi syn. paludosa River Bottlebrush riverbanks, creeks, wet sand or rocky soils shrub to small tree 2-7m suitable for stabilising base of eroding stream banks, bird attraction Dec-March
Callistemon pityoides syn. sieberi Alpine Bottlebrush periodically wet ground, near swamps, watercourses shrub 1-3m, dense, prickly instream and toe rehabilitation Dec-Feb
Calytrix tetragona Common Fringe-myrtle rocky, gravelly soils, sand S, heathy shrub 1-2m+ bank stabilisation,  understorey  Aug-Sep
Carex appressa Tall Sedge wet sites, above creeks D, perennial, small, 40-120cm  understorey 
Carex fasicularis and gaudichaudiana Tussock, Tassle and Tufted Sedge poorly drained-damp soils, along streams and wetlands, tolerates periodic wet and dry conditions perennial tussock helps prevent erosion, stream bank and toe stabilisation
Cassinia aculeata Common Cassinia (Dogwood) sandy, clay SC, shrub 2-3m  understorey , bank stabilisation, colonises disturbed sites Dec-March
Cassinia longifolia Shiny Cassinia (Cauliflower Bush) dry, shallow soils, rocky outcrops SC, shrub 1-3.5m  understorey  Dec-March
Cassinia quinquefaria Cassinia dry open forests, rocky slopes SC, shrub 1-3m  understorey  Jan-March
Casuarina cunninghamiana River She-Oak loamy, alluvial soils along riverbanks, streams & watercourses, were roots have access to regular water supply tree 8-15m, frost tender in early years bank stabilisation, roots bind banks, windbreak, fodder Sept-Mar
Casuarina glauca Grey (Swamp) She-Oak poorly drained swamp area, saline swamp flats tree 6-15m riparian revegetation, timber, firewood
Cheiranthera linearis Finger Flower grassy woodland shrub to 30cm  understorey 
Chionocloa pallida Redanther Wallaby Grass open forest or woodland understorey on shallow, stony sedimentary soils, also grasslands DS, large, dense tussocky perennial  understorey, soil erosion on hills and slopes Nov-Jan
Chrysoccephalum apiculatem Common Everlasting (Yellow Buttons) SDC, upright/creeping perennial 7-60cm  understorey, landscaping  throughout the year - mostly late winter and spring
Chrysocephalum semipappasum Clustered Everlasting common in woodland DC, perennial to 60cm  understorey  Spring-Autumn
Cryptandra amara Bitter Cryptandra grassy woodland heathy shrub -35cm  understorey 
Cyperus difformis Rice Sedge poorly drained soils grass-like perennial tussock to 2m stream bank and toe stabilisation
Danthonia spp. Wallaby Grass natural grasslands and woodlands - sedimentary & volocanic soils S, tufted perennial  understorey, landscaping - thrives with regular grazing, tolerant of low soil fertility, low pH and drought  Oct-Dec
Daviesia mimosoides Narrow-leaf Bitter Pea various soils - useful for poor, open sites, hillsides, shallow, acid skeletal soils shrub to 2m, hardy, regenerates quickly after fire bank stabilisation, understorey Aug-Oct
Daviesia species Pea Species dry rocky or sandy sites, acid skeletal soils S, shrubs 0.5-2m  understorey  Aug-Nov
Dianella spp. Lily Species grassland and grassy woodland SD, tufted perennial to 80cm  understorey, grassland Spring to Autumn
Dillwynia sericea Pea Species drier sites, shallow soils S, prostrate to low growing shrub   understorey  July-Sept
Discaria pubescens Australian Anchor Plant near streams shrub 1-2m bank stabilisation Winter to Spring
Dodonaea viscosa subsp. viscosa Giant Hop-bush clay, sandy soils, rocky outcrops  S, tall shrub 1-6m  understorey , bank stabilisation
Dodonea viscosasubsp. angustissima Narrow-leaf Hop Bush rocky outcrops, dry sandy soils shrub 1-4m bank stabilisation Nov-Feb
Elymus scaber Wheatgrass moist, shaded areas within grasslands perennial  persists with moderate grazing, good pioneer species for grasslands - rapid early growth rate, good forage quality  Oct-Jan
Epacris spp. Heath Species near swamps, streams small heath 0.5-2m  understorey  Aug-Dec
Eucalyptus aggregata Black Gum poorly drained swamp areas, cold, damp sites, frost pockets tree 8-15m, frost tender in early years riparian revegetation, windbreak, salt tolerant Summer -Autumn
Eucalyptus albens White Box dry open forests or woodland, steep dry slopes tree to 25m fencing, fuel, honey various times - usually autumn to spring
Eucalyptus blakelyi Blakelyís Red Gum prefers compact loams on undulating terrain or granitic sites, dry, well drained  S, tree 10-24m, very susceptible to insect damage (dieback)  understorey, posts, fuel, honey  Summer
Eucalyptus bridgesiana Apple Box moist, well drained, deeper soils, lower slopes and drainage lines S, tree 8-25m  understorey, shade for stock  Nov-Feb
Eucalyptus camaldulensis River Red Gum prefers moist, deep clay soils along rivers and watercourses large tree 12-25m, plant well back from eroding or collapsing banks hardy, resistant to decay and termites, riparian revegetation, posts, stumps, sleepers, fuel, honey, salt tolerant variable
Eucalyptus crenulata Buxton Gum poorly drained swamp areas tree 4-10m riparian revegetation, windbreak, ornamental Spring
Eucalyptus dives Broad-leaf Peppermint prefers dry hills, poor shallow, rocky soils tree 8-25m riparian revegetation, Eucalypt oil Oct-Dec
Eucalyptus globulus  Blue Gum moist, well drained soils tree 20-40m, fast growing, juveniles susceptible to insect damage riparian revegetation, timber, construction Sept-Jan
Eucalyptus machroryncha Red Stringybark acid, skeletal soils, dry well drained slopes tree 12-35m hardy, durable wood, light construction -posts, fuel Jan-April
Eucalyptus mannifera Brittle Gum acid, skeletal, poor, stony soils small to medium tree 8-20m wood brittle, not durable and of little use Nov-April
Eucalyptus melliodora Yellow Box deep, wet/poorly drained soils S, tree 12-30m, deep and spreading root system  understorey, posts, fuel, honey  Oct-Feb
Eucalyptus pauciflora Snow Gum wide range of soils, very hardy on cold open sites at higher altitude, frost hollows, shallow soils, also moist well drained soils tree to 20m riparian revegetation, windbreak, fencing, fuel Oct-Feb
Eucalyptus polyanthemos Red Box midslopes, stony soils
Eucalyptus rossi Scribbly Gum poor, acid skeletal, shallow, dry soils small to medium tree 8-15m, 'scribbles' (from insect larvae) along trunk Summer
Eucalyptus rubida Candlebark dry shallow soils, suitable for cold areas, exposed sites tree 10-25m  riparian revegetation, fuel-burns quickly, wood not durable-moderately tough and strong Nov-Feb
Eucalyptus stellulata Black Sallee loamy alluvial soils, also poorly drained swamps, frost pockets tree to 12m, will propagate on very cold river flats riparian revegetation, water absorber, fuel, wood not durable April-Oct
Eucalyptus viminalis Ribbon/Manna Gum prefers moist, well drained, alluvial sandy soils - riverbanks large tree 25-50m, fast growing, very hardy riparian revegetation, windbreak, koalas, wood not strong or durable, burns quickly various times-mainly summer
Exocarpus cupressiformis Cherry Ballart shallow rocky soils, hillslopes small tree 3-8m  understorey  Dec-May
Exocarpus strictus Pale-fruit Ballart open forests shrub 1-2.5m  understorey  Aug-Nov
Glycine clandestina Twining Glycine S, creeping, trailing or climbing pereinnial  understorey, grassland Oct-Mar
Gompholobium hueglii Giant Wedge Pea poor grey sandy soils, sandstones S, shrub 1-3m  understorey  Spring and Summer
Gonocarpus tetragynus Common Raspwort grassy woodland S, perennial to 25cm  understorey, grassland Spring and Summer
Grevillea alpina Catís Claw stony, sandy ground shrub to 2.5m  understorey  July-Dec
Grevillea juniperina Prickly Grevillea sand or rock near rivers, suitable for low phosphorus soils SC, prickly shrub 1-2.5m or prostrate form bank stabilisation,  understorey, bird attraction Nov-Feb
Grevillea lanigera Woolly Grevillea lighter soils along watercourses, well draining sandy or rocky soils, with clay subsoil and low phosphorus  SC, small shrub 1-2m, regenerates naturally during good seasons bank stabilisation,  understorey  Aug-Feb
Gynatrix pulchella Hemp Bush near streams shrub, 2-4m bank stabilisation Aug-Oct
Hakea microcarpa Small Fruited Hakea rocky soils next to watercourses and swamps, poorly drained swamp areas, not tolerant of phosphorus (ie. rich alluvial soils) shrub to 2m bank stabilisation, understorey Aug-Sept
Hakea sericea Bushy Needlewood acid skeletal soils, hill country, in scrubby understoreys shrub 2-5m  understorey (can become invasive), bird attraction May-Sept
Haloragis heteophylla Swamp Raspwort wet, drainage lines in grasslands C, sparse perennial to 20cm  understorey, grasslands  Summer
Hardenbergia violacea Sarsparella acid skeletal, shallow soils, dry sites   S, creeper to 0.5m  understorey 
Helichrysum thyrsoideum Sticky Everlasting rocky highland sites shrub 1-2m  understorey  Oct
Hibbertia obtusifolia Grey Guinea Flower grassy woodland, dry sites, shallow soils SC, shrub to 30cm   understorey  Oct
Hovea lineraris syn. heterophylla S, creeping perennial to 30cm long  understorey  Late Winter and early Spring
Indigofera australis Austral Indigo poor shallow soils S, shrub 0.5-2m  understorey  Aug-Sept
Isotoma fluviatilis Swamp Isotome wet, drainage lines CD, perennial to 10mm  understorey  Late Spring -Summer
Juncus spp. Rushes damp or saturated soils, poorly drained SD, perennial to 1m, survives periodic wet conditions stream bank and toe stabilisation,  understorey  Nov-Jan
Kunzea erocoides Burgan clay, sandy, wet/poorly drained, near streams S, shrub 2-4m, may invade cleared country bank stabilisation,  understorey  Aug-Nov
Kunzea parvifolia Violet Kunzea rocky slopes - poor, shallow soils, also poorly drained, damp swamp sites near seepage areas S, shrub 0.5-2.5m  understorey  Oct-Dec
Leptospermum multicaule Silver Tea-tree dry hills SC, shrub 0.5-2m  understorey  Spring
Leptospernum brevipes Slender Tea-Tree near streams, damp or rocky sites shrub 2-4m bank stabilisation Oct-Jan
Leptospernum juniperum Prickly Tea-Tree poorly drained, sandy soils prickly shrub 1-4m  understorey, erosion control  Oct-Mar
Leptospernum lanigerum Woolly Tea-Tree wet, sandy or alluvial soils and rocky sites, along streams and swampy flats shrub to small tree 2-6m bank stabilisation,  understorey  May-Sept
Leptospernum myrtifolium Swamp Tea-Tree periodically wet, swampy soils near streams and soaks shrub 1-2.5m, may invade cleared wet areas bank stabilisation Jan-Mar
Leptospernum obovatum River Tea-Tree sandy, alluvial soils and rocky outcrops, periodically wet & waterlogged sites along watercourses tall shrub 2-3m excellent for streambank protection Summer
Leucochrysum albicans Hoary Sunray grassy woodland and grasslands S, low tufted perennial to 30cm  understorey  Spring and Summer
Lissanthe strigosa Peach Heath rocky ground, grassy woodland S, dense shrub to 1m  understorey 
Lomandra longifolia Spiny Headed Mat Rush small tufted perennial to 80cm, dense fibrous root system stream bank and toe stabilisation Spring
Lomatia myricoides Long-leaf Lomatia poor soils, along creeks and gullies, intolerant of high phosphorus alluvial sites shrub 2-5m bank stabilisation Aug-Oct
Lythrum salicaria Purple Loosestrife damp mud or wet sand perennial herb to 1.5m, dies back in winter, reshoots from crown stream bank and toe stabilisation
Melaleuca armillaris Giant Honey-myrtle sands, granite outcrops large shrub-tree 2-14m  understorey  Nov-Feb
Melaleuca ericifolia Swamp Paperbark poorly drained soils, swamps and stream flats shrub-small tree 2-9m bank stabilisation,  understorey, windbreak  Oct-Nov
Melaleuca halmaturorum Salt Paperbark brackish or muddy saline sites shrub or small tree, 3-8m bank stabilisation Oct-Dec
Melaleuca linariifolia Narrow-leaf Paperbark bank stabilisation
Melichrus urceolatus Urn Heath grassy woodland, uncommon in grasslands, dry sites, shallow soils heath-like shrub to 30cm  understorey 
Micrantheum hexandrum Box Micranteum rocky sites near streams shrub 2-4m bank stabilisation July-Nov
Microlaena stipoides Weeping Grass tolerant of low soil pH S, small-medium tufted perennial  understorey  Nov-Feb
Phragmites australis Common Reed damp-saturated soil, also grows in deep brackish water stream bank stabilisation
Pimelia glauca Shrubby Rice Flower shrub to 50cm  understorey 
Poa labillardieri Tussock Grass grows readily along streambanks D, perennial, unpalatable for stock bank stabilisation,  understorey  Sept-Feb
Poa sieberiana  Poa Tussock prefers dry alluvial soils on stream banks and low-lying sites, grasslands and grassy woodlands D, perennial, unpalatable for stock, native pasture bank stabilisation,  understorey  Oct-Feb
Pomaderris species Pomaderris near streams shrub to 3m bank stabilisation, understorey Oct
Pultenaea foliosa or procumbens Bush Peas dry SC, low shrub -2m  understorey  Spring
Schoenoplectus validus River Clubrush damp, saturated soil perennial to 3m, survives periodic wet prevents erosion, stream bank and toe stabilisation
Sorghum leiocladum Wild Sorghum sites of low disturbance often within Kangaroo Grass communities S, leafy tufted perennial  understorey  Dec-Feb
Stipa species Spear Grass SD, medium to large spreading perennial  understorey, good coloniser for landscaping and revegetation Nov-Jan
Typha orientalis Broad-leaf Cumbungi damp or saturated soil, in stationary or slow flowing water up to 2m, can blanket areas of slow moving water instream and toe rehab.
Vittadinia spp. New-Holland Daisy shallow, well drained soils SD, perennial to 10cm  understorey, persists under grazing, suitable landscape and revegetation species - prolific seeder and establishes easily  Spring and Summer
Compiled with the assistance of Rainer Rehwinkel (National Parks & Wildlife Service), Sue Streatfield (Greening Australia), 

  Site Map